htaccess Override All

Alles, was den Apache betrifft, kann hier besprochen werden.

htaccess Override All

Postby daniel7558 » 09. September 2012 17:17

Hi,
.htaccess Dateien werden von meinem Apache nicht beachtet. Google half mir dann herauszufinden dass ich in der Datei httpd.conf bzw. apache2.conf "Override" auf "All" setzten soll.
Meine httpd.conf ist leer und in der apache2.conf konnte ich keinen Eintrag wie "Override None" finden. Deshalb habe ich diesen hinzugefügt und den Server neugestartet.
Dann geht nichts mehr.
Was mache ich falsch und ist apache2.conf überhaupt die richtige Datei die ich bearbeiten muss? Überall war die Rede von der httpd.conf und nur eine Website sagte dass apache2.conf bei einigen Distributionen anstelle von httpd.conf verwendet wird. (Ich nutze Ubuntu 10.04)

Danke,
Daniel
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Re: htaccess Override All

Postby Altrea » 09. September 2012 17:28

Hallo Daniel,

daniel7558 wrote:Google half mir dann herauszufinden dass ich in der Datei httpd.conf bzw. apache2.conf "Override" auf "All" setzten soll.

Die korrekte Einstellung heißt AllowOverride und wird für gewöhnlich im <Directory> Block des DocumentRoot Verzeichnisses (oder des gewünschten anderen Verzeichnisses) gesetzt.

daniel7558 wrote:Meine httpd.conf ist leer und in der apache2.conf konnte ich keinen Eintrag wie "Override None" finden. Deshalb habe ich diesen hinzugefügt und den Server neugestartet.
Dann geht nichts mehr.

Das ist keine hilfreiche Fehlerbeschreibung. Was hast du wo wie eingefügt? Was sagt dein Apache error.log?

daniel7558 wrote:Was mache ich falsch

Das kann dir niemand sagen, da deine Beschreibung unzureichend ist.

daniel7558 wrote:ist apache2.conf überhaupt die richtige Datei die ich bearbeiten muss? Überall war die Rede von der httpd.conf und nur eine Website sagte dass apache2.conf bei einigen Distributionen anstelle von httpd.conf verwendet wird. (Ich nutze Ubuntu 10.04)

Auch das kann ich dir nicht sagen. Für gewöhnlich ist die Hauptkonfigurationsdatei des Apache httpd.conf benannt. Das sagt dir übrigens auch die Apache Dokumentation: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/configuring.html
Wir wissen ja nichtmal, welche Apache Version das genau ist und wo diese herstammt.

mit freundlichen Grüßen,
Altrea
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Re: htaccess Override All

Postby daniel7558 » 09. September 2012 18:00

Sorry, ich hatte natürlich AllowOverride gemeint (und so auch in die Datei geschrieben)

Die apache2.conf sieht so aus: (was ich eingefügt habe ist fett)
Code: Select all
#
# Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
#
# This is the main Apache server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ for detailed information about
# the directives.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned. 
#
# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
#  1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
#     whole (the 'global environment').
#  2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
#     which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
#     These directives also provide default values for the settings
#     of all virtual hosts.
#  3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
#     different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
#     same Apache server process.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "" will be interpreted by the
# server as "//var/log/apache2/foo.log".
#

### Section 1: Global Environment
#
# The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
# such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
# can find its configuration files.
#

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# NOTE!  If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
# mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
# at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.1/mod/mpm_common.html#lockfile>);
# you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
#
# Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"

#
# The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
#
#<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
#<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
LockFile /var/lock/apache2/accept.lock
#</IfModule>
#</IfModule>

#
# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
# This needs to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
#
PidFile ${APACHE_PID_FILE}

#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 300

#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On

#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 15

##
## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
##

# prefork MPM
# StartServers: number of server processes to start
# MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
    StartServers          5
    MinSpareServers       5
    MaxSpareServers      10
    MaxClients          150
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>

# worker MPM
# StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
# MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
# MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_worker_module>
    StartServers          2
    MinSpareThreads      25
    MaxSpareThreads      75
    ThreadLimit          64
    ThreadsPerChild      25
    MaxClients          150
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>

# event MPM
# StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
# MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
# MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_event_module>
    StartServers          2
    MaxClients          150
    MinSpareThreads      25
    MaxSpareThreads      75
    ThreadLimit          64
    ThreadsPerChild      25
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>

# These need to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
User ${APACHE_RUN_USER}
Group ${APACHE_RUN_GROUP}

#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for additional configuration directives.  See also the AllowOverride
# directive.
#

AccessFileName .htaccess

[b]AllowOverride All[/b]

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<Files ~ "^̇ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
    Satisfy all
</Files>

#
# DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain


#
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off

# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

# Include module configuration:
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.conf

# Include all the user configurations:
Include /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

# Include ports listing
Include /etc/apache2/ports.conf

#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
# If you are behind a reverse proxy, you might want to change %h into %{X-Forwarded-For}i
#
LogFormat "%v:%p %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %O \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" vhost_combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %O \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %O" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

#
# Define an access log for VirtualHosts that don't define their own logfile
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/other_vhosts_access.log vhost_combined


# Include of directories ignores editors' and dpkg's backup files,
# see README.Debian for details.

# Include generic snippets of statements
Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/

# Include the virtual host configurations:
Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/


Die Apache Version ist: 2.2.14

Wenn ich meine bearbeitete apache2.conf lade bekomme ich vom Browser die Meldung, dass er keine Verbindung zum Server herstellen konnte.
Das Errorlog enthält keine Informationen dazu.
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Operating System: Ubuntu 10.04 32 Bit

Re: htaccess Override All

Postby Altrea » 09. September 2012 22:56

Ich sehe keinen einzigen Directory Block. Wo ist dein DocumentRoot und dessen Directory Block definiert? Vielleicht in einer vhost Datei?
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Re: htaccess Override All

Postby daniel7558 » 10. September 2012 11:09

Die Dateien die ausgeliefert werden sind in var/www zu finden
apache selbst ist in etc/apache2

Was ist diese vhost Datei? Der Server ist ein VPS.
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Re: htaccess Override All

Postby Altrea » 10. September 2012 13:17

[quote="daniel7558"]Die Dateien die ausgeliefert werden sind in var/www zu finden
Das Verzeichnis muss dem Apache aber irgendwo in den Konfigurationsdateien bekannt gemacht werden und genau diese Stelle wird benötigt um mit deinem Problem voran zu kommen.
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Re: htaccess Override All

Postby JeanLuc » 15. October 2012 02:09

Sorry, dass ich mich hier einfach so einklinke, aber das Thema ist gerade so passend :D
Auf meinem NAS läuft ein OpenMediaVault, das eben unter anderem auch ein Apache (Server version: Apache/2.2.16 (Debian)) am laufen hat. Also dachte ich mir, warum den nicht auch etwas sinnvoller nutzen.
Mittlerweile läuft dort jetzt OwnCloud. Allerdings schaffe ich es nicht, dass OwnCloud .htaccess-files nutzen kann.
Immer, wenn ich AllowOverride auf All stelle, bekomme ich eine 403 Forbidden Meldung. Und im Error-log steht:
Code: Select all
[Sun Oct 14 23:50:50 2012] [error] [client 192.168.0.148] Options FollowSymLinks or SymLinksIfOwnerMatch is off which implies that RewriteRule directive is forbidden: /media/NAS/Owncloud/core/templates/403.php


Allerdings habe ich in dem Ordner die Option FollowSymlinks aktiviert =/
Hier mal meine gesamte Config:
Code: Select all
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
        UseCanonicalName Off
        DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php index.cgi index.pl
        ServerSignature Off
    DocumentRoot /media/NAS/Owncloud
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/oc-error.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/omv-website-vhost_access.log combined
SuexecUserGroup admin users

 <FilesMatch \.php$>
  FcgidWrapper /var/www/omv-website-vhost/php-fcgi .php
  Options ExecCGI
  SetHandler fcgid-script
 </FilesMatch>


<Directory /media/NAS/Owncloud>
  Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
  AllowOverride None
  Order allow,deny
  allow from all
</Directory>

</VirtualHost>


Habe ich vielleicht noch irgend etwas übersehen? Werden die gesetzten Optionen vielleicht an anderer stelle wieder überschrieben?

Vielen dank schon mal im Voraus ;)
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