URL-Rewrite konfigurieren

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URL-Rewrite konfigurieren

Postby netcookie » 14. July 2008 08:07

Hallo zusammen,

ich habe ein Virtual-Serverpaket bei 1und1 mit einer Domain domain1.de. Jetzt habe ich mir noch zwei weitere Domains domain2.de und domain2.com dazugekauft und will domain2.com als default-URL verwenden, auf die alle Anfragen umgeleitet werden.

Mein Problem ist allerdings, dass jegliche Rewrite-Versuche nicht funktionieren.
Code: Select all
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://domain2.com/ [R=301,NC,L]

leitet trotzdem wieder auf domain1.de um.
Auch ohne Rewrite-Regeln landet man immer auf domain1.de, egal welche Domain man verwendet.

Ich habe schon viele Dinge durchgesehen, konnte aber bisher nicht sehen, woran es liegt:
    - 1und1-Adminpanel
    - Virtuozzo-Panel
    - Apache-Konfiguration
    - .htaccess-Dateien

Habt ihr Ideen, wo ich noch nachsehen kann bzw. wie ich überprüfen kann, wie und wo die URL jeweils umgeschrieben wird?

Vielen Dank,
netcookie
netcookie
 
Posts: 3
Joined: 14. July 2008 08:04

Postby Nobbie » 14. July 2008 13:08

>Auch ohne Rewrite-Regeln landet man immer auf domain1.de, egal welche Domain man verwendet.

Wahrscheinlich steht irgendwo (httpd.conf) ein Redirect auf domain1 - und dann wird letztendlich alles darauf umgeleitet. Dein Rewrite läuft ja auf einen HTTP-Request auf domain2 hinaus - und das ist neuer Request und anscheinend werden alle Requests auf domain1 umgeleitet.

Ich kann das aber nur raten, weil ich keine Konfigurationsdaten kenne.
Nobbie
 
Posts: 8770
Joined: 09. March 2008 13:04

Postby netcookie » 14. July 2008 13:45

Hallo Nobbie,

vielen Dank für deine Antwort. Hier ist die httpd.conf:
Code: Select all
NameVirtualHost *
<VirtualHost *>
        ServerAdmin info@domain2.com

        RewriteEngine On
        RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://domain2.com [R=301,L]

        DocumentRoot /var/www/
        <Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride All
        </Directory>
        <Directory /var/www/>
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride All
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>

        ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
        <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
                AllowOverride None
                Options ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>

        ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

        # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn

        CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined
        ServerSignature On

    Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
    <Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
        Allow from 127.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ::1/128
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Gemäß der Konfiguration dürfte ja nur eine Umleitung auf domain2.com erfolgen. Jedoch erfolgt zuletzt immer eine Weiterleitung auf domain1 und ich weiß nicht woran das liegt bzw. wo man so etwas noch konfigurieren könnte.

Meine Vermutung ist, dass es etwas 1und1-spezifisches sein könnte. Aber das denke ich nur deshalb, weil ich alle Server-Konfigurationen durchgesehen habe und nichts finden konnte. 1und1 meinte zu diesem Problem, dass es ein Skript von mir sein müsste...

Bin für jede Idee dankbar. Sollte ich irgendwelche Konfigurationsdateien noch posten?

Vielen Dank,
netcookie
netcookie
 
Posts: 3
Joined: 14. July 2008 08:04

Postby Nobbie » 14. July 2008 14:51

>Hier ist die httpd.conf:

Nein, das ist keine httpd.conf, sondern nur ein Auschnitt.
Nobbie
 
Posts: 8770
Joined: 09. March 2008 13:04

Postby netcookie » 14. July 2008 15:32

Ups, hier ist sie:

Code: Select all
### Section 1: Global Environment
#
# The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
# such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
# can find its configuration files.
#

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# NOTE!  If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
# mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
# at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.1/mod/mpm_common.html#lockfile>);
# you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
#
# Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"

#
# The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
#
#<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
#<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
LockFile /var/lock/apache2/accept.lock
#</IfModule>
#</IfModule>

#
# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
#
PidFile /var/run/apache2.pid

#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 300

#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On
#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 15

##
## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
##

# prefork MPM
# StartServers: number of server processes to start
# MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
    StartServers          5
    MinSpareServers       5
    MaxSpareServers      10
    MaxClients          150
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>

# worker MPM
# StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
# MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
# MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_worker_module>
    StartServers          2
    MaxClients          150
    MinSpareThreads      25
    MaxSpareThreads      75
    ThreadsPerChild      25
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>

User www-data
Group www-data
#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for additional configuration directives.  See also the AllowOverride
# directive.
#

AccessFileName .htaccess

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<Files ~ "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
</Files>

TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

#
# DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain


#
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off

# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

# Include module configuration:
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.conf

# Include ports listing
Listen 80

# Include generic snippets of statements
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

#
# ServerTokens
# This directive configures what you return as the Server HTTP response
# Header. The default is 'Full' which sends information about the OS-Type
# and compiled in modules.
# Set to one of:  Full | OS | Minor | Minimal | Major | Prod
# where Full conveys the most information, and Prod the least.
#
ServerTokens Full

#
# Optionally add a line containing the server version and virtual host
# name to server-generated pages (internal error documents, FTP directory
# listings, mod_status and mod_info output etc., but not CGI generated
# documents or custom error documents).
# Set to "EMail" to also include a mailto: link to the ServerAdmin.
# Set to one of:  On | Off | EMail
#
ServerSignature On

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Aliases: Add here as many aliases as you need (with no limit). The format is
    # Alias fakename realname
    #
    # Note that if you include a trailing / on fakename then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  So "/icons" isn't aliased in this
    # example, only "/icons/".  If the fakename is slash-terminated, then the
    # realname must also be slash terminated, and if the fakename omits the
    # trailing slash, the realname must also omit it.
    #
    # We include the /icons/ alias for FancyIndexed directory listings.  If
    # you do not use FancyIndexing, you may comment this out.
    #
    Alias /icons/ "/usr/share/apache2/icons/"

    <Directory "/usr/share/apache2/icons">
        Options Indexes MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

</IfModule>

#
# Directives controlling the display of server-generated directory listings.
#
<IfModule mod_autoindex.c>

    #
    # IndexOptions: Controls the appearance of server-generated directory
    # listings.
    #
    IndexOptions FancyIndexing VersionSort HTMLTable NameWidth=*

    #
    # AddIcon* directives tell the server which icon to show for different
    # files or filename extensions.  These are only displayed for
    # FancyIndexed directories.
    #
    AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

    AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
    AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
    AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
    AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

    AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
    ...
    AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

   #
    # DefaultIcon is which icon to show for files which do not have an icon
    # explicitly set.
    #
    DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

    #
    # AddDescription allows you to place a short description after a file in
    # server-generated indexes.  These are only displayed for FancyIndexed
    # directories.
    # Format: AddDescription "description" filename
    #
    #AddDescription "GZIP compressed document" .gz
    #AddDescription "tar archive" .tar
    #AddDescription "GZIP compressed tar archive" .tgz

    #
    # ReadmeName is the name of the README file the server will look for by
    # default, and append to directory listings.
    #
    # HeaderName is the name of a file which should be prepended to
    # directory indexes.
    ReadmeName README.html
    HeaderName HEADER.html

    #
    # IndexIgnore is a set of filenames which directory indexing should ignore
    # and not include in the listing.  Shell-style wildcarding is permitted.
    #
    IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# RCS CVS *,v *,t
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_mime.c>

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file mime.types for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    # Despite the name similarity, the following Add* directives have
    # nothing to do with the FancyIndexing customization directives above.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # DefaultLanguage and AddLanguage allows you to specify the language of
    # a document. You can then use content negotiation to give a browser a
    # file in a language the user can understand.
    #
    # Specify a default language. This means that all data
    # going out without a specific language tag (see below) will
    # be marked with this one. You probably do NOT want to set
    # this unless you are sure it is correct for all cases.
    #
    # * It is generally better to not mark a page as
    # * being a certain language than marking it with the wrong
    # * language!
    #
    # DefaultLanguage nl
    #
    # Note 1: The suffix does not have to be the same as the language
    # keyword --- those with documents in Polish (whose net-standard
    # language code is pl) may wish to use "AddLanguage pl .po" to
    # avoid the ambiguity with the common suffix for perl scripts.
    #
    # Note 2: The example entries below illustrate that in some cases
    # the two character 'Language' abbreviation is not identical to
    # the two character 'Country' code for its country,
    # E.g. 'Danmark/dk' versus 'Danish/da'.
    #
    # Note 3: In the case of 'ltz' we violate the RFC by using a three char
    # specifier. There is 'work in progress' to fix this and get
    # the reference data for rfc1766 cleaned up.
    #
    # Catalan (ca) - Croatian (hr) - Czech (cs) - Danish (da) - Dutch (nl)
    # English (en) - Esperanto (eo) - Estonian (et) - French (fr) - German (de)
    # Greek-Modern (el) - Hebrew (he) - Italian (it) - Japanese (ja)
    # Korean (ko) - Luxembourgeois* (ltz) - Norwegian Nynorsk (nn)
    # Norwegian (no) - Polish (pl) - Portugese (pt)
    # Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR) - Russian (ru) - Swedish (sv)
    # Simplified Chinese (zh-CN) - Spanish (es) - Traditional Chinese (zh-TW)
    #
    AddLanguage ca .ca
    ...
    AddLanguage zh-TW .zh-tw
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_negotiation.c>
    #
    # LanguagePriority allows you to give precedence to some languages
    # in case of a tie during content negotiation.
    #
    # Just list the languages in decreasing order of preference. We have
    # more or less alphabetized them here. You probably want to change this.
    #
    LanguagePriority en ca cs da de el eo es et fr he hr it ja ko ltz nl nn no pl pt pt-BR ru sv zh-CN zh-TW

    #
    # ForceLanguagePriority allows you to serve a result page rather than
    # MULTIPLE CHOICES (Prefer) [in case of a tie] or NOT ACCEPTABLE (Fallback)
    # [in case no accepted languages matched the available variants]
    #
    ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_mime.c>
    #
    # Specify a default charset for all pages sent out. This is
    # always a good idea and opens the door for future internationalisation
    # of your web site, should you ever want it. Specifying it as
    # a default does little harm; as the standard dictates that a page
    # is in iso-8859-1 (latin1) unless specified otherwise i.e. you
    # are merely stating the obvious. There are also some security
    # reasons in browsers, related to javascript and URL parsing
    # which encourage you to always set a default char set.
    #
    #AddDefaultCharset ISO-8859-1

    #
    # Commonly used filename extensions to character sets. You probably
    # want to avoid clashes with the language extensions, unless you
    # are good at carefully testing your setup after each change.
    # See http://www.iana.org/assignments/character-sets for the
    # official list of charset names and their respective RFCs.
    #
    AddCharset us-ascii    .ascii .us-ascii
    ...
    AddCharset shift_jis   .shift_jis .sjis

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server

    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    #
    # For files that include their own HTTP headers:
    #
    #AddHandler send-as-is asis

    #
    # For server-parsed imagemap files:
    #
    #AddHandler imap-file map

    #
    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    # (This is enabled by default to allow the Apache "It Worked" page
    #  to be distributed in multiple languages.)
    #
    AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    AddType text/html .shtml
    AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
    #
    # The following directives modify normal HTTP response behavior to
    # handle known problems with browser implementations.
    #
    BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
    BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
    BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
    BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
    BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0

    #
    # The following directive disables redirects on non-GET requests for
    # a directory that does not include the trailing slash.  This fixes a
    # problem with Microsoft WebFolders which does not appropriately handle
    # redirects for folders with DAV methods.
    # Same deal with Apple's DAV filesystem and Gnome VFS support for DAV.
    #
    BrowserMatch "Microsoft Data Access Internet Publishing Provider" redirect-carefully
    BrowserMatch "MS FrontPage" redirect-carefully
    BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully
    BrowserMatch "^WebDAVFS/1.[012]" redirect-carefully
    BrowserMatch "^gnome-vfs/1.0" redirect-carefully
    BrowserMatch "^XML Spy" redirect-carefully
    BrowserMatch "^Dreamweaver-WebDAV-SCM1" redirect-carefully
</IfModule>

#<IfModule mod_status.c>
    #
    # Allow server status reports generated by mod_status,
    # with the URL of http://servername/server-status
    # Change the ".example.com" to match your domain to enable.
    #
    #<Location /server-status>
    #    SetHandler server-status
    #    Order deny,allow
    #    Deny from all
    #    Allow from .example.com
    #</Location>
#</IfModule>

#<IfModule mod_info.c>
    #
    # Allow remote server configuration reports, with the URL of
    #  http://servername/server-info (requires that mod_info.c be loaded).
    # Change the ".example.com" to match your domain to enable.
    #
    #<Location /server-info>
    #    SetHandler server-info
    #    Order deny,allow
    #    Deny from all
    #    Allow from .example.com
    #</Location>
#</IfModule>

# Include the virtual host configurations:
NameVirtualHost *
<VirtualHost *>
        ServerAdmin info@domain2.com

        RewriteEngine On
        RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://domain2.com [R=301,L]

        DocumentRoot /var/www/
        <Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride All
        </Directory>
        <Directory /var/www/>
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride All
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>

        ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
        <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
                AllowOverride None
                Options ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>

        ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

        # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn

        CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined
        ServerSignature On

    Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
    <Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
        Allow from 127.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ::1/128
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>
netcookie
 
Posts: 3
Joined: 14. July 2008 08:04


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