duns wrote:drwx------ 38 francesco francesco 4096 Jul 21 13:37 francesco/
You said, you changed permissons for your /home/schede. This is very strange, because there is no folder /home/schede, only a folder /home/francesco/schede, but /home/francesco already does not have sufficient rights for Apache. You only put a symbolic link from /home/francesco/schede to /home/schede, but this is still not a folder, only a symbolic link.
You have to grant ALL (i.e. "chmod 0777") rights to
otherwise Apache cannot read that folder(s).
Finally you have to apply "Options FollowSymLinks" to the Apache Configuration for the corresponding VirtualHost / DocumentRoot.